It is March the 8th everyone, and that means International Women’s Day! Here at BJJ world, we’d like to wish all the ladies of the world a happy Women’s day and to always keep fighting! The fighting spirit of the finer half is beyond question, as everyone who trains grappling knows. In honor of all the ladies who fought tooth and nail for their rights, today we’ll focus on a part of Jiu-Jitsu history that’s not overly famous. Do you know who the suffragettes were? How about what Suffragette Jiu-Jitsu is? Time to honor the ladies of the past and present and see how Jiu-Jitsu helped them achieve a major goal!
We live in a society today that preaches equality at every turn. While there are certain aspects of modern-day political correctness that go beyond the realm of the reasons, one thing is beyond a doubt, women and men are absolutely equal. As such, the should have equal rights and opportunities in both life and sports. Brazillian Jiu-Jitsu is a sport that welcomes ladies wholeheartedly with some of the sport’s main ambassadors and world champions being members of the finer half. Back in the days when women had a necessity to know self-defense, suffragette Jiu-Jitsu was the answer, at least when it comes to 1900’s Scotland.
Who exactly were the suffragettes? Put simply they were a militant women’s organization in the early 20th Century, based in Britain. Their main goal was to deliver to women nation, and subsequently, worldwide the right to vote in public elections. This was known as women’s suffrage.
The leader was Emmeline Pankhurst, a woman who founded the Women’s Social And Political Union (WSPU) in 1903. Pankhurst battled for women’s rights to work and vote, with the motto of the WAPU being “deeds, not words”. The term suffragette came courtesy of a Daily Mail reporter. Namely, the reporter coined the term from suffragist trying to belittle women. Little could he know how it would backfire.
By then, women had the right to vote in certain parts of the world, like New Zealand, for exmaple. Pankhurst led women to protests, heckling opposition, breaking windows, setting fires and even a few clashes with the police. The WSPU was not always publically behind such direct action, though, as several groups within the organization formed over time.
The militant tactics did manage to attract a lot of attention to the fact women had no right to vote. So much attention, in fact, that they fast became the focus of hecklers, police and even politicians. This, in turn, led to an increase in violence over them and the need for self-defense was born. The solution to it was suffragette Jiu-Jitsu.
Suffragette Jiu-Jitsu came about thanks to the efforts of one woman in particular. Edith Garrud was the woman who introduced the suffragettes to Jiu-Jitsu, and ultimately got them literally ready for the fight. Back in the days of direct suffragette action, it was common for the women to be thrown around, beaten and two suffragettes even died. There were also instances of force-feeding them with rubber tubes during a hunger strike. All of this, and more led to the ladies looking into ways to defend themselves and take the fight to the men.
Born in 1872, Edith Garrud learned how to fight from her husband, who was an instructor in wrestling, boxing, and gymnastics. They ran a martial arts dojo together in London and were approached by the WSPU. Edith soon started running the WSUP’s classes on her own and joined into the cause. She even asked men to wear police hats, while she demonstrated techniques in class, much to the approval of her students. The fact that Edit was tiny at 4’11” but as fierce as they get. She was highly skilled and technical, which allowed her to apply her knowledge in real situations. The rest fo the suffragettes followed and suffragette Jiu-Jitsu was born.
As a petite woman, Edith’s martial art of choice was Japanese Jiu-Jitsu. Since it was all about leverage and skill rather than strength, it was perfect. Initially, it was about self-defense, mostly from hackers that tormented the women during rallies. But it soon turned to much more than that, after clashes with the police became more frequent. The suffragettes got so good at it, that the press soon noticed and published a series of articles on suffragette Jiu-Jitsu” or “suffrajitsu”.
Somewhere around 1913, things took a turn for the worst. Suffragettes, including leader Pnkahurst, often ended up under arrest and in prison. When they went on hunger strikes they were released, only to be re-arrested once they recovered their health. As a leader and orator, Emmeline Pankhurst had a vital role to play in the suffragette movement. She was much more valuable out of prison, so Edith and some of the other suffragettes got together to form a protective group. “The Bodyguard” as it was known, was a group of highly trained suffragettes, armed with clubs that protected Pankhurst.
Of course, much of their fighting experience was based on suffragette Jiu-Jitsu. “The Bodyguard” had around 30 women that acted as Pankhurst’s personal guard. During several instances, they protected Pankhurst by a combination of fighting skills and cunning. There’s one example where the police thought they had Emmeline, after a huge speech, just to find out they got a decoy instead.
In 1914, in Glasgow, Scotland, the infamous “Battle Of Glasgow” took place at St. Andrew’s Hall. Pankhurst held a speech and “The Bodyguard” kept watch. Not long after Emmeline emerged on stage, the police went after her. Suffragettes jumped into action, and a several minute clash happened on stage. The fight involved 30 suffragettes and double the number of policemen. Despite their training and the clubs they carried, the suffragettes lost the brawl.
Despite the loss, Garrud and her suffragettes kept grappling and fighting for the cause, until a global problem in the shape of World War 1 turned everyone’s attention.
Suffragette Jiu-JItsu is just another great example of the effectiveness of Jiu-Jitsu throughout history. As we all know, the right to vote is now undisputed for members of both sexes. Still, every era brings about new challenges, both for men and women. Self-defense is as much a necessity now, as it was during Edwardian Scotland. Today, Brazilan Jiu-JItsu offers both self-defense, and self-confidence, for all modern day suffragettes and ladies in general that like to be as strong as Pankhurst and Garrud!