Omoplata is a very powerful and versatile technique if you know how to execute it and use it as submission and a sweep. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu teaches us how to solve problems through the application of previously gained knowledge. True knowledge is not reflected by the number of facts we know, but rather by the way we manage to string them together. This statement applies perfectly to BJJ. As long as we know how to connect different positions and moves, we can build an adaptable game. Despite having an endless maze of techniques and concepts, Jiu-Jitsu has but a few techniques that transcend technical categories. One such diverse technique is the Omoplata.
The Omoplata is a technique that pretty much embodies the idea of constant threats during fluid movement. It’s much more than just as shoulder lock (which is what the term ‘Omaplata’ means in Portuguese). It has the ability to work as a submission, a sweep or a transition towards other positions or submissions. It is a complete system placed in a single technique. As such, it is an invaluable tool in any grappler’s toolbox.
Origins of the Omoplata
Although now famous as one of the very basic BJJ techniques, it has far deeper roots. Originally, it was known as Ashi Sankaku Garami (meaning triangle entanglement) among the judokas of Japan. In Judo, this grappling technique was a follow-up move when a judoka failed a Tomoe Nage throw. It can also be traced back to Catch Wrestling whose practitioners referred to the technique as The Coil Lock.
Originally, it was shunned by the pioneers of BJJ in favor of “simpler” techniques like chokes and straight armlocks. This techniques’ popularity in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is mostly due to the efforts of Nino Schembri during the 1990’s. A proponent of an unorthodox guard game, Schembri had great success in competition with it. It has, also, become a staple of many successful competitors like Clark Gracie, Ryan Hall, Zack Maxwell etc.
Omoplata Attacks and Finishing Principle
In essence, just as its name suggests it’s first and foremost, a shoulder lock. It has a similar principle to other bent arm shoulder locks like the Kimura and Americana, apart from one distinctive difference. This technique uses the legs to form a tight entanglement, as opposed to the arms in other such locks. Despite an immense shoulder pressure, this technique attacks the elbow joint as well.
As a submission, the Omoplata is notoriously hard to defend against due to the many possible variations. The most basic way to finish is by forcing the opponent’s arm into a chicken wing position with your legs.
Whenever the Omoplata fails it just opens up new possibilities. For example, when an opponent is posturing up, it just opens up a triangle choke. The best thing is that if the opponent defends the triangle it’ll just lead back to the submission. In another scenario, when an opponent rolls out of your should lock you’ve just been handed a sweep. Now you’ve got two points and top position with the entanglement still on and full mount just a step away. That is without mentioning that you can still go all the way back to the original attacking position.
Finally, if you’re bored of your opponent thrashing around you can look to transition out. As mentioned, it’s easy to get a triangle or full mount, but you could also go for a leg lock or obtain back control. The toe hold is readily available, as is while a transition to Ashi Garami. For a rear naked choke you don’t even have to transition – check out Mackenzie Dern’s special sub.
Key Points For Finishing The Omoplata Every Time
So what is the principle behind this diverse position? Well, first of all, it’s the fact that you can reach it from a variety of different positions. The closed guard is the most basic route in, but it is also accessible from half guard, open guard, rubber guard, etc.
With the Omoplata, it is all about the hips. Basically, the hips offer both an anchor point for control as well as a power source for sweeping, finishing or transitioning. In terms of structure, the legs need to be triangled with the knees pinched tightly together. This configuration brings about the best control of the position. You can improve control by implementing correct grips, especially on the closer leg, which prevents rollovers.
In order to break the opponent’s posture, though, you’ll have to straighten your legs. This is where hip pressure and timing come into play. In order to obtain the optimal position for a lock, the opponent needs to be flat out on their belly. The straightening of the legs results in the formation of a strong lever that leads the opponent into the desired position. From there, it’s smooth sailing to the finish.
The Omoplata is a highly effective position that will improve your game in many aspects. Whether you’re looking for a submission, a way to top position or just tight control, the Omoplata is the way to go. Although you might never look as good as Clark Gracie while doing it or like Bernardo Faria when he submitted everyone on seminar only with Omoplata, you’ll undoubtedly be effective.
Crucial Principles To Focus On When Applying Omoplata
So, now that it’s clear that the Omoplata can double as a sweep, holding position and a transitional checkpoint, let’s look at some basic principles. There are a few key elements to getting the submission without much effort. It can be a very high percentage technique, as Bernardo Faria has demonstrated on multiple occasions. Getting it is simple if you adhere to the following 6 principles.
- Do Not Let Your Opponent Roll Out. The first thing your opponent will do is to try to roll out. That’s something you will stop by controlling him. The old way of controlling the opponent is that you immediately hold him with your arm closer to him around his waist. Actually, this is not working. Your opponent will still be able to roll out. If you want to control him over waist do it with your other farther arm. You’ll notice that you’ll have much more control and he won’t be able to roll out.
The other way is to hold his belt with your farther arm and control his leg with your closer arm.
- Do Not Let Your Opponent Jump Over You.
Your opponent will either try to roll out or jump over you and end up in your side control. So, you should watch it. You will be aware of that and you will be ready to catch his first leg when he tries to jump over you. When you catch his leg without letting both of his legs touch the ground you have an easy sweep. But, even if your opponent jump over you there is still a high chance of you retaining control. Bernardo Faria covered that part in his “Omoplata Everyone Instructional” and it works great
- Stay In Control And Grab The Armpit. Until that point, you will do anything you can to just stay there making sure his arm doesn’t pop out or he doesn’t roll out or jump over you.
- Don’t Try To Finish Until Your Opponent Is Completely Flat. Yes, it’s possible to finish this move when your opponent is in a turtle position but there are also high chances he’ll roll you over or lift you up or a lot of other stuff. Once he’s flat on the mat you have an easy job finishing it.
- Be Patient. Sometimes it’s pretty hard to flat out your opponent, maintain the control or get the submission, but being patient is the key. If you have full control of your opponent’s arm and good control of his body the chances are he’s not going anywhere. He will resist as much as he can, he will try this and that but just staying there patiently will get you more submissions and sweeps than anything else.
- Think About Omoplata As A Submission And A Sweep. Your main focus should be on submitting your opponents and you should believe in it. It’s pretty possible to finish anyone with it. But, if you don’t get the finisher the sweep is always there. So if you’re having problems controlling your opponent don’t force yourself to finish your opponent. Accept the sweep and move on. Sweep is actually a super high reward because forcing your self further into submitting can easily lead to loss of control.
How to Finish Your Opponent When Your Farther Leg is Stuck
A lot of times you’ll try to go for Omoplata but your opponent will trap your “second” leg. Once your leg passed the shoulder and your opponents neck there are many options that you have but to finish omoplata you need to pull out your other leg and sometimes it’s “mission impossible”. Once you go for the omoplata Your opponent already know what you’re trying to do so he’ll do everything to keep your other leg trapped underneath him making it impossible to pull it out and finish your submission. Luckily for you, there is one option that works perfectly. It’s called MONOPLATA!
Once you passed your main leg over your opponent’s shoulder and your other leg is stuck you just have to turn your body keeping his arm tight so when you turn your opponent turns with you. Once you’re in the position that keeps your opponent’s arm bent in shoulder lock position just take your knee and pull it. Make sure you pinch your knees together while doing so.
Here is a video of that technique and I must say that it works awesome. There are no many counters or escapes to this submission except trying to move your top leg and it should really become your bread and butter technique against anyone who’s going to “lay and pray” on your farther leg.
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Easy Omoplata Sweep Submission Follow-Ups
There’s something about catching those “classic” Brazilian Jiu-JItsu submissions. Those are the moves that gave BJJ its name, and the fact they still work today is simply amazing. However, very often these moves can either go wrong, putting us in defense mode, or they simply do not work. While giving up on submission and restarting is a legitimate strategy, a much better one is connecting other attacks to it. The thing about all the “classics” is that they’ve been around for so long, the people have numerous follow up options to keep their attacks going. One such move that grapplers often turn to is the Omoplata. This “basic” shoulder lock is so much more than just a one-dimensional finishing move. Turning to the Omoplata sweep when you’re initial submission is stuck is a surefire way to keep going and finish, maybe even with the Omoplata itself!
Back in my early blue belt days, I was a huge fan of omoplatas. I discovered that the Omoplata works great when you combine it with an armbar and a triangle. Since closed guard was my favorite position (big surprise there) this combo soon became my favorite. This meant that people knew what to expect, and higher ranked belts, in particular, defended my attacks fairly easily. This led me to the Omoplata sweep as the natural extension. At the time, just getting the sweep was immense for me. However, it soon became apparent that I had no direct threatening options after sweeping. And I didn’t like it at all.
The one big problem people usually run into with the Omoplata sweep is exactly this. The sweep lands you in a perfect position to continue attacking. Yet, most people settle for untangling their legs and going straight into side control. While this is a positionally sound strategy, going on the offensive from there is going to take a lot of work. While certain follow-up may come naturally to some people, usually it takes someone to unlock these paths for you. Today, our goal is to show you the next level of attacking with the Omoplata.
The Omoplata Submission
The Omoplata is one of those cool looking submission specific to Brazilain Jiu-JItsu. It is a shoulder lock that is done from the bottom, usually from the closed guard. While closed guard setups are the most basic, there are also plenty of open guard setups, most notably form the Spider guard. The cool thing about the Omoplata is that it is a submission in which your legs do all the work.
Starting from the closed guard, you need to have one of your partner’s arms on the ground in order to go for an Omoplata. You could force him to plant it there or pull it yourself. Once the arm is extended, you open your guard and use the leg you have under the same side armpit to hook their shoulder. In order to do this, you’ll have to significantly change the angle of your hips, so that they’re now facing to the same side as your opponent. Locking a triangle in place, while keeping their hand as close as possible to their body gives you immense control. From there, you either go straight for the finish or for an Omoplata sweep.
In order to finish, you’ll need to lay your opponent flat on the mats. This requires you to extend your legs forcefully so that their upper body goes to the floor. A few butts scoot to the side is all it takes to make their hips follow. Once the opponent is falt on the ground, you lean towards the opposite side shoulder, placing immense pressure on their trapped shoulder because of your legs.
The Omoplata Sweep
Gettin the Omoplata sweep is actually very easy. In most cases, people are going to give it to you themselves. If you do not control the opponent’s feet or belt when you first get into Omoplata position, they can roll out. While they can roll out of the submission itself, they do not necessarily leave the position, if you know how to follow up. Another great option is finishing the sweep itself.
In the first instance, you have an opponent roll forward as you extend your legs to finish the Omoplata. Sometimes, even despite your best efforts to control their hips, opponents will find ways to roll out. Never ever untangle your Omoplata just because an opponent rolls out. Instead, make sure you go for a sweep and stabilize the position on top. Simply follow your opponent’s movement until you end up on top. The finishing position is going to be next to your opponent, with your legs still around their arm, along with sleeve control. This is a great position to be in, plus it lands you two points.
From a more advanced perspective, you can use the Omoplata sweep when opponents intelligently defend Omoplata attacks. A knowledgeable opponent is either going to try to skip over you or try to open the shoulder lock up. In both instances, you yourself can turn to the Omoplata sweep to counter their defenses. Simply extend your legs while rolling forward with your body, so that your weight makes them roll over. Or, roll over behind you if the opponent is posturing up. Keep the shins of both legs on the mats as you get up, so that you keep the arm pinned and your opponent firmly in place.
The Follow Ups
This is where the fun begins. Abandoning the arm configuration and simply going for side control is also a very legitimate strategy. However, going for a finish and much better positions is a better one.
The first and easiest option is a quick straight armlock. You already have everything in place, you just need to make a small adjustment. First, make sure you have the elbow of your opponent’s trapped arm between your legs. If that elbow slides out, go for side control. If you have the elbow, all it takes is to sit back, so that their arm is pinned between your hamstring and calf, and simply press down on their wrist for a straight armlock finish.
Another cool looking and really good options are submitting from the mount. From an Omoplata sweep, backstep your free leg over the opponent and turn to face them. You’ll end up straight into a mounted triangle position. From there you should triangle your legs and settle in for a finish. Or, if you can’t squeeze the triangle right away, you can roll to you back, looking it up in transition, Your opponent won’t get any sweep points if you go on your back since you were in the mount. PLus if the triangle fails you can go from another Omoplata from there.
Finally, you can still finish with an Omoplata. Simply squeeze their elbow tight and roll over you near side shoulder. This time, though, make sure you control their hips better so that you can finish without them rolling out. Yeah, it is that easy, you only need to be aware it is there.
My Opinion on Omoplata and How Interesting and Effective It Is
I would like to add one thing here that I think is important for you to understand how seriously effective Omoplata is. If I have to do only one position or submission for the rest of my life that would definitely be Omoplata. And why is that so? Well, it’s a very interesting technique with so many options that I can freely say that it’s the technique you can never get bored with. So, in my opinion, it’s a BJJ technique that you should really focus on and have fun with it. You won’t get bored with it, I promise.
Bernardo Faria is a true virtuoso with the Omoplata. After numerous successful match victories via this shoulder lock, Faria revealed all his secrets. His “Omoplata Everyone” DVD set is available at a cut price. What do you mean you still do not have it?
REVIEW: Omoplata Everyone – Bernardo Faria
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Bernardo Faria Challenged Himself To do the only Omoplata on Seminar.